We study in our Social Studies book of class ninth that monsoon is a unifying bond. We cram the answer as it as and we get a good academic score also but only a few amongst us will be able to describe exactly why this happens and what is so special about monsoons that makes monsoon be considered a unifying bond. Actually India is surrounded by sea from three sides and on the fourth side there stand big mountains in the North. This creates a scene or situation of temperature changes in India, which results in arrival of monsoons and it favors the people in certain ways which is why we consider monsoon as a unifying bond. Let us discuss how.
Why Monsoon is Considered as Unifying Bond
1. The Role of Sea:-
The sea plays an important role in making monsoon be considered a unifying bond. I told you earlier also that India is surrounded by sea from three sides. The Sea makes an influence on peninsular plateau from these three sides and thus it has a moderate level of temperature. Now at the fourth side, which is Himalayan region, something different is happening making it act as a kind of shield for us.
2. The Roles of Himalayas:-
From the fourth side, The Himalayas protect sub-continent from extremely cold winds arriving from central Asia. The Himalayas thus act as a kind of shield for us and thus this phenomenon results in uniformly high temperatures in India as compared to the other areas in the same latitude.
3. The Process Included:-
Now, the effect of monsoon on the Indian subcontinent is perceptible. Sun causes differential heating and cooling of land and water. This creates low pressure on landmass and high pressure over the ocean surface. Winds are also affected by seasonal alteration and thus a rhythmic cycle of seasons begins like this. The flora and fauna in the entire Indian region is directly or indirectly affected by this. Not just the flora and fauna, but the life of people, their dressing, their festivities etc also revolve around this phenomenon.
4. The Creation of Unifying Bond:-
The people of India, which majorly includes the farmers from North to South and from East to West thus wish for the arrival of monsoon eagerly. These winds of monsoon bind the whole country and keep it bounded by providing water to set agricultural activities in motion.
The river valleys which carry this water also unite as a single river valley unit. Actually, these monsoon winds bind the entire country by providing water and other essential needs. This is what we call a unifying bond.
5. Onset of Monsoon:-
Talking about the onset of the monsoon, the monsoons arrive at the southern tip of Indian peninsular region by the first week of June. Delhi, which is the capital of India, receives monsoon showers from Bay of Bengal branch by the end of June. The Arabian Sea branch reaches Mumbai on about 10th of June.
Monsoon begins to withdraw from north-western states of India By early September and from the Northern part of Indian peninsula by Mid-October. It withdraws from the rest of country till early December.