Cloning may refer to the process of creating copies if I talk to you in general, but if we talk scientifically, the meaning is much beyond you can imagine by yourself. Cloning refers to the generation of genetically identical copies of any form of life, let it be some animal or some other thing as well. The copied formation is referred to as a clone and the clone has got the same genetically resemblance as the other from which it has been copied.
What is Cloning?
The Basic Definition of Cloning:-
When we try to produce a genetically similar copy of someone, it is referred to as the process of cloning and the copy thus produced is known as a clone.
There are three types of cloning namely:-
1. Reproductive cloning
2. D.N.A or Gene cloning
3. Therapeutic cloning
Examples of Cloning:-
You must have heard about dolly, which is a goat clone that scientists made by cloning another goat. A wide range of biological forms of life have been cloned by the researchers, including the genes, cells and organisms like mice, sheep etc. The cloning in humans still suffers some lacking in it but researches are still going on in this direction.
Why Are Some Animals Harder To Clone Than Others?
The structure of some organisms is a bit complex than the others and thus cloning of such animals is harder than the other ones. Often this problem is experienced while cloning the primates including humans. When we try to remove an egg’s nucleus in such primates, the two proteins that are referred to as the spindle proteins that are needed for the division of cells in primates also removed as they are too close to it which interferes the cell division process and it proves to be quiet hard to clone such organisms.
Can Cloning Be Used To Resurrect Extinct Organisms? If So, How?
it has been proven that cloning can help you resurrect the dead organisms for sure, but this suffers a drawback in a way that The D.N.A or gene that is needed for this approach needs to be intact and not spoiled or decayed. Though there is still a hope that those people who are at a risk of dying can be resurrected after death taking the D.N.A prior to death in a pre planed way, but this still stays legging behind in case of the fossil creatures like dinosaurs as the D.N.A has got damaged and spoiled after million years of fossil formation and thus we still need to improve the technology and bring about the desired improvement so as to do that.
What Are The Risks of Cloning?
The main risk of cloning is the damage of D.N.A or genes that takes place after decomposition of the dead bodies. Talking about the human cloning, the process gets a success in a very small number of cases and thus cloning still has got a risk associated with it. The health problems associated with the clones and a shorter life span has also resulted in putting cloning process at a risk.