To diagnose rickets, approaches like blood test, bone biopsy etc may be practiced. I.E. In the blood tests of an individual, the calculation of serum may display a relatively low level of calcium and the serum phosphorus may even be low. The serum alkine phosphatase may be much greater from the bones or changes in the shape and structure of the bones of the individual resulting in limbs to get enlarged and the joints likewisely.
Approach like bone-biopsy are performed in rare cases but if done, is sure to confirm rickets.
Treatment For Rickets and Vitamin D Deficiency
Treatment and prevention of rickets:-
the procedure of treatment and prevention of rickets is called as an antirachitic one. The most common treatment among all being the usage. The most suitable treatment for it being the proper intake of vitamin d in the diet. Though in order to eliminate the severe bone abnormalities, a surgery may also be performed. The patient should be mad to have proper sunlight and a proper diet. Medications like cholecalciferol can be taken to overcome the deficiency of vitamin d3 or egrocalciferol may be taken in order to overcome the deficiency of vitamin d2.
The diet should be rich in calcium an phosphates and vitamin d are mandatory and the person should be exposed to ultra violet b light that we generally get when the sun is the highest in the sky. Cod liver oil, halibut –liver oil and voisterol can be called as the sources of vitamin d.
If a person takes a sufficient amount of sunlight and takes a proper supple of calcium in his diet then the diet is sufficient to prevent rickets. A proper vitamin d level in the body can also be achieved by taking dietary supplements and being exposed to the sunlight. Vitamin d3 is generally preferred as it is more readily absorbed than vitamin d2.
Even the dermatologists recommend the usage of vitamin d. People with a dark skin tone need to be exposed to the ultra violet rays for a longer interval of time. It is recommended to take 400 international units of vitamin d per day for infants and children. The children which are not able to get sufficient amounts of vitamin d are at a high risk of getting prone to rickets as this vitamin is necessary to allow the body of an individual to take calcium and use it in the bone calcification and its maintenance.