Prevention of chinkungunya:-
the most effective way to prevent chikungunya from happening to a person is to protect an individual from getting bitten by mosquitoes causing the disease. Repellents like deet or piricardin may be used or mosquito repellants or mosquito net or mortein or all-out may be plugged in the houses or ointments like odomos may be applied on the body of an individual to keep him away from the reach of mosquitoes. Wearing a bite proof long sleeved gloves may even prevent the mosquitoes from biting an individual.
Prevention and Diagnosis of Chikungunya
Currently there is no vaccine approved for chikungunya and a phase -2 vaccine used for a live and attenuated virus developed a resistance in approximately 98 percent of the total cases tested after a month and 85 percent of the total cases showed a sort of resistance still after an year. However some cases were found to have suffer from transient joint pain, and attenuation. Though there have been tried out various attempts to develop vaccines that show some effect but still no vaccine has been approved to eliminate chikungunya overall.
Diagnosis of chikungunya:-
The period of incubation in chikungunya ranges from two to twelve days and typically three days to a week. The most common way to diagnose chikungunya is by the lkab testing.
The common lab testing for the diagnosis of this disease may involve a rt-pcr, virus isolation,or serological tests. The isolation or deprivation of the virus provides the most effective diagnosis to this disease but may take seven to fourteen days to complete the process and must be practiced in special labs made for this purpose only. Symptoms of chikungunya include sudden onset of fever that may last from a few days to a week. Symptoms may even include muscle pain, pain in the head, fatigue or vomiting or the condition called nausea may even take place to the person suffering from chikungunya.
The approach may include to expose the specific cell lines to the samples from the whole blood of the person and to recognize the responses of the virus to it. Serologic way of diagnosis to this disease may need a larger amount of blood from the person than the other approaches and may use an elisa asaay to determine the levels of this virus. The result can be seen in two to three days. Differential diagnosis may also involve an infection with other mosquito caused viruses like dengue and influenza.