Laboratory Diagnosis of Malaria

Laboratory Diagnosis of Malaria

 

Watching out the presence of the symptoms of malaria in the body of a patient, the diagnosis of malaria is performed. In the non-endemic areas in the body of the person that require a greater degree of suspicion. followed by the decreasing number of blood platelets in that specific person suffering from malaria and chategorised by the others like his sleeping period , his recent travel log and the presence of bilirubin in the blood is higher than it used to be in the normal blood or not combined with a normal level of W.B.C’s .

The blood film is studied Under a microscope in the laboratory to perform the process of the diagnosis of malaria or by antigen-based quick tests for diagnosis of malaria.to observe the blood film under the microscope is the best way to detect the presence of the malarial parasite in the patient’s body but still the approach suffers with some drawbacks including :-

Laboratory Diagnosis of Malaria

Laboratory Diagnosis of Malaria

1:- most of the centers in the rural areas are not equipped to perform the laboratory test to detect the presence of malarial parasite in the blood film and hence proving to be a drawback.

2:- the accuracy of the blood film observation out come depends on both the levels of the parasite in the blood and the testing ability of the person who is testing the blood film under the microscope. but still microscopy has become an approach most suitable to detect the malarial parasite in the blood film.

however in the areas where these laboratory tests are available readily, the malarial parasite can be checked in the case of any ill person and observed in the areas much prone to this parasite. While in the areas where laboratory tests can not be afforded, it is much common to use just the fever history of that individual as an indicatory factor to treat for the parasite.

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Medication to treat malaria may involve medications like sulfadoxine or pyrimethamine or mefloquine, lumefantrine or Quinine along with doxycycline may be used if an artemisinin is not available.

the main cause of malaria is a female mosquito called femal anopheles whose bite injects the parasites from the later’s saliva to the person’s blood and then the parasites make their way to the individual’s liver giving them a chance to get mature and reproduce themselves. so it is always adviced to use preventive measures than for suspecting the cures.
one needs to use mosquito repellents such as odomos or all out or mortein that are easily available in every market an every retailer’s shop in the form of cakes and repellent ointments and refills.

 

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