When an atom or a molecule gains or acquires a negative or positive charge with it after gaining or losing an electron, the ions get formed and thus when the same happens with a gas, it becomes ionized. The procedure takes all your guts and nuts because it takes all your knowledge of chemistry to deal with the same. Ionized gases, but obviously come to the fourth state of matter and thus In case you wish to have a gas ionized, the gaining and losing of charges along with the concept of ionization should be the best of your knowledge and in order to go for the same, you may choose to go for the tips that we are mentioning here:-
How to Ionize a Gas
1. What ionization is an outcome of:-
Firstly, let me tell you that ionization is an outcome of the loss of an electron after the collision of a gas with subatomic particles or the other atoms, molecules or ions and thus in order to make a gas ionized, you will also need to make it encounter loss of electron with the same approach.
2. Why do I need to ionize a gas:-
The ionization of gas has got several applications in our day to day life including the ones like the working of fluorescent lamps, radiotherapy or the spectroscopy, etc. when a gas gets ionized, it can be bought in use for radiation detectors and several other scientific purposes as well.
3. Electron Capture Ionization:-
A name added to the field of ionization is electron capture ionization which means the production of negatively charged ions by the collision of a free electron with an atom that is subsequently trapped inside the electric potential barrier and releases energy in excess amount.
4. Producing positively charged ions:-
During a collision, an amount of energy can also be transferred so as to produce positively charged ions on the other hand. The reserve energy in this case is also known as threshold energy or the ionization potential of any gas.
5. Adiabatic ionization:-
Another term related to the ionization of gases is adiabatic ionization which refers to the ionization in which an electron is removed from or added to an atom or molecule in its lowest state of energy from an ion to the lower energy state and thus is kept in this separate category.
6. The Ionized Gases Become The Fourth State of Matter:-
A majority of people from us have studied only the three states of matter that include the solid state in which the particles are closely packed, the liquid state in which the particles are held somewhat apart and the third one being the gaseous state where all the atoms or particles are free to move anywhere within the boundaries of the container but actually the ionized gas acts as the fourth state of matter as when a gas gets ionized, it does not simply stays a gas, but becomes something else that can be characterized as the fourth state of matter.