Batteries can be understood as the charging units that can be used to supply electric power to some device or equipment or appliance when there is a power cut. These can range from small to large and may be chargeable or even non rechargeable. The battery may be a chemical based or lithium-ion or lead battery that can’t be used again and again or even water and lead based battery that just needs to replace the water and can be used again and again. Basically, all of us use batteries somewhere in some of the gadget or equipment in our daily lives, but the question that arises here is that how do they work?
How does a Battery Work
1. Parts of A Battery:-
A battery normally consists of a body that is equipped with charging plates on which you have to connect the wires at respective points so as to charge it and consists of mainly three inner parts that is one being cathode, the other being the electrolyte and the third being a node. You can find a node to be the part with negative sign and cathode to have the positive sign on it.
2. After The Connection Gets Made:-
Now as you make the connection of a battery with a charger connecting the positive with positive and negative with negative, the battery gets charged and after charging, It can be used to provide the electric supply to any of your home based appliances. As you connect the charged battery with that appliance of yours, the electric charge in the battery flows through the wiring circuit and completes it making the appliance operational till the charge lasts in that battery.
3. What Causes The Charge In Battery?
When a battery is connected to a charging unit, the chemical reactions that undergo in it cause a buildup of electrons at the anode and this results in electrical difference between the positive and negative of the battery. The electrons try to rearrange themselves to overcome this and thus the place with a fewer electrons gets accommodated with the electrons as they repel each other. The electrolyte in the battery keeps these electrons from reaching straight from anode to cathode within the battery and thus when the circuit gets closed, the electrons will be able to reach cathode and this way electrons will be able to flow throughout the circuit making electric charge and discharge.
4. What does a battery charger, do?
Charging and discharging is nothing but the change of the direction of the flow of electrons. The electrochemical processes involved bring about the desired changes and thus we get a power supply. Let me make you understand it in simpler words, when you connect a U.P.S to a battery or a charger that can be regarded as the mini U.P.S, the charger converts the voltage to battery bearable form and makes the necessary convert to the battery bearable form. Now when the battery gets charged, you will be able to reverse this supply to your home based appliances making them operational while there is no electricity. The case is ultimately same with any battery let it be a mobile battery or an inverter battery.