Diabetes Mellitus : Definition and Diagnosis – HowFlux

Diabetes Mellitus : Definition and Diagnosis

How to Diagnose Diabetes Mellitus


Diabetes mellitus is a type of diabetes in which defects of insulin secretion, insulin action act are reported first and then a group of metabolic disorders takes the grab of the patient. This associated the patient with long-term damage, dysfunction and failure of various organs essential for the body. The organs which get damaged in this health disorder include kidneys, blood vessels and sometimes even the heart.

Diabetes Mellitus Definition and Diagnosis

Diabetes Mellitus : Definition and Diagnosis

Whenever symptoms of this health disorder are reported with any patient/individual, you should immediately go for a diagnosis without wasting any time as it may prove helpful in improving the condition of that person. The exact way of diagnosis of diabetes mellitus goes as follows:-

1. Diagnosis by Fastening the Plasma Glucose Level:-

For diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus, it is always advisable that we measure a fasting glucose level. If the plasma glucose level is found greater than or equal to7.0 mmol/l (126 mg/dl), it is considered favorable for diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. One such test is an oral glucose tolerance test. A fasting of eight hours is required in this diagnostic method and then the test is conducted with a particular patient.

2. Glycated Hemoglobin Based Diagnosis:-

According to a cardio-vascular health expert, glycated hemoglobin is better than fasting glucose in order to determine the risk of cardio vascular diseases for an individual. For such a person, (HbA1C) ≥ 48 mmol/mol (≥ 6.5 DCCT %) is the perfect glycated hemoglobin favorable for diagnosis of diabetes mellitus.

3. Considering the Symptoms:-

The symptoms of diabetes mellitus are same with one other kind of diabetes as well. You should never confirm it to be diabetes mellitus till one of the diagnostic approaches surely confirms it to you. If plasma glucose level is high, say greater than or equal to 11.1 mmol/l (200 mg/dl), it can also be bought in use for diagnosing diabetes mellitus.

4. Know If You Have Impaired Fasting Glucose:-

Suppose if you have glucose levels ranging from .1 to 6.9 mmol/l (110 to 125 mg/dl), you are expected to have impaired fasting glucose problem. One such test to diagnose diabetes mellitus is FPG tests which includes eight hours of fasting to go for the test. This test is best diagnosed when we perform it in the morning and it is one of the cheapest and reliable ways of diagnosing diabetes.

5. Other Such Tests:-

The other such diagnostic approaches include Random Plasma Glucose test, hemoglobin test etc. None of these tests can be conducted at home and thus whenever the signs and symptoms are reported, you should immediately reach some good diabetes care centre in order to get diagnosed against diabetes mellitus. Once diagnosed for diabetes mellitus, you can easily look for the treatment options as well.

Diabetes mellitus diagnosis is always a cheap process and it never requires you to spend much out of your pockets. Any of the available approaches can be followed depending on your condition as well as preference and thus it is always advised to go for a diabetes diagnosis once the symptoms are observed.


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